Thus, differing levels of organization or stages do not occur. Thus, the information processing perspective is continuous criteria 4 - continuity; criteria 5 - elementarism. Indeed, much of the current research continues to be influenced by these three theorists.
Perhaps a truly contextual theory of cognitive development, one1s context interacts and helps to shape the development of the central nervous system.
The notion of childhood originates in the Western world and this is why the early research derives from this location. This can be best exemplified by a discussion of the developmental dimensions perspective outline by Kermis and the life-span developmental perspective outlined by Baltes, Reese, and Lipsitt To understand these behaviors, one can simply reduce the behaviors to their most simple components and examine how these have changed quantitatively.
Development is discontinuous, with qualitatively different capacities emerging in each stage.
The life-span perspective, however, accounts for both the context and genesis. All of your choices are based on your physical body.
Finally, developmental psychologists hope to optimise development, and apply their theories to help people in practical situations e. How are they used in relation to each other.
What is the best usage. Early Piaget therefore represents an example of the relationship of the structuralist perspective to the organismic world view. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22 4Nurture When trying to explain development, it is important to consider the relative contribution of both nature and nurture.
Biological factors such as chromosomes, hormones and the brain all have a significant influence on human behavior, for example, gender. Information processing describes development as gradual and cumulative. Behaviorism also believes in scientific methodology e. For example, up until recently, the majority of human development research examined childhood and adolescence.
Third, change is viewed as quantitative in response to external forces. The continuity view says that change is gradual. Thus, to understand a behavior one needs only to break down the system to its most simple elements; it is reductionistic.
Therefore, the event is active. Testosterone-deprived men are less likely to wander off in search of new mates to inseminate. In other words, only by examining the system as a whole does it have meaning; the whole is equal to more than the sum of the parts. Development comes from within the individual but is also responsive to environmental influences.
The concept further proposes that these levels of organization or stages progress toward an end point or goal, thus there is a teleological perspective to this approach.
Structural change versus behavioral change represents the third developmental issue to be discussed. Each perspective provides its own view on the roots of why you do what you do.
Second, these stages are qualitatively different than the previous stages. As change is quantitative it is also proposed to be multidirectional. According to this perspective, the organism is reactive.
Empirical research in this area tends to be dominated by psychologists from Western cultures such as North American and Europe, although during the s Japanese researchers began making a valid contribution to the field.
For example, the theories of EriksonKohlbergand early Piaget are more consistent with the structuralist perspective organismic world view ; those of Bandura and Walters and Newell and Simon are consistent with the learning and information processing perspectives, respectively mechanistic world view ; and Riegel and Baltes et al.
In addition, the change that occurs is viewed as an interaction of the individual and the context within which they live. For example, the human biological organism is inherently structured.
This view assumes that the whole is equal to the sum of the parts. For this reason, it is important that psychology does have different perspectives on the understanding and study of human and animal behavior.
Below is a summary of the six main psychological approaches (sometimes called perspectives) in psychology. Some of the major theories of child development are known as grand theories; they attempt to describe every aspect of development, often using a stage approach.
Others are known as mini-theories; they instead focus only on a fairly limited aspect of development such as cognitive or social growth. Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. Like Freud, Erik Erikson believed in the importance of early childhood.
However, Erikson believed that personality development happens over the entire course of a person’s life. In the early s, Erikson proposed a theory that describes eight distinct stages of development. Link to Learning: Review the five main psychological perspectives found HERE.
The Psychodynamic Perspective Psychodynamic theory is an approach to psychology that studies the psychological forces underlying human behavior, feelings, and emotions, and how they may relate to. Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave.
In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five major perspectives that have guided modern psychological research. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five major perspectives that have guided modern psychological research.
Theoretical Perspectives Relevant to Developmental Psychology. A discussion of the structural, information processing, and developmental dimensions approaches to the analysis of age/development/life course trends.
Describe the Process by Which Genes and Environment Operate Together to Influence Development. Theoretical Perspectives -Theoretical perspectives relevant to developmental psychology